This page is dedicated to the people of Halabja who on
March 16th, 1988 suffered the worst chemical attacks
committed by Iraqi regime. On that day, 5,000
innocent civilians immediately perished.
The Government of Iraq carried out a genocidal campaign
against the Kurds during 1988, near the end of the
Iraq-Iran War. It was conducted under the codename “Anfal.”
was a campaign carried out in several stages primarily
between February and September 1988 and was to be the
Iraqi government’s permanent solution to the Kurdish
Of all the atrocities committed against the Kurds
during the Anfal, Halabja has come to symbolize the
worst of the repression of the Iraqi Kurds. Halabja was
a town of between 40-50,000 people located about 11
kilometers from the Iranian border. It became the target
of conventional and chemical bomb attacks over three
days in March of 1988.
During those three days, the town and the surrounding
district were unmercifully attacked with bombs,
artillery fire, and chemicals. The chemical weapons were
the most destructive of life. The chemicals used
included mustard gas and the nerve agents sarin, tabun,
and VX. At least 5,000 people died immediately as a
result of the chemical attack and it is estimated that
up to 12,000 people in all died during the course of
those three days.
The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds
of Kurds' faces judgment
rejoice at Chemical Ali's capture, want him tried in
Christine Gosden, University of
Liverpool, Professor of Medical Genetics
Topic: Iraq’s Weapons of Mass Destruction.
3/27/2003: WASHINGTON, DC: 30 min.
Professor Gosden discusses the medical and health
consequences of the use of Weapon of Mass Destruction by
the Iraqi regime against the civilian population of
Iraqi Kurdistan in Halabja and 200 other locations
during the genocidal Anfal campaign directly ordered by
The Forgotten People (Canadian CBC
Program on Kurds and chemical attacks on Halabja)
to this website
15 March 2003
President Bush Remembers Halabja
Where is Halabja?
Halabja is a small town in the governorate of
Sualimaniyah in Iraqi
Kurdistan. It lies 250 km north-east of Baghdad and 11 kilometers from the Iranian border.
What happened in Halabja?
On March 16th 1988, Iraqi jets bombed the town of
Halabja with chemical weapons. At least 5,000 people
were killed and 7,000 severely injured. Fourteen
years on, thousands are still suffering the affects of the
The gases used included mustard gas, nerve agents
sarin, tabun and VX. This was the largest chemical
attack on a civilian population ever.
Pictures tell the story:
(Pictures in this slide show may be disturbing)
Who was responsible?
Iraqi forces under the command of Ali Hassan Majid,
infamously known as Ali Chemical by the Kurds, were
responsible for this despicable act of inhumanity.
Reference Material on Halabja:
Halabja: Symbol of Hussein's Inhumanity
Why I Went,
What I Saw, by Christine Gosden, Liverpool
by Jeffery Goldberg, The New Yorker, March 2002
Campaign by KRG
Testimony of Dr Christine Gosden, 1998 Congressional
Anfal Campaign Maps
Experiment in evil
Lessons from Halabja
Still Suffering From '88 Gas Attack
More info and pictures